Legal Information - Criminal Injuries - FAQ's

This page offers answers to questions most frequently asked by our clients regarding the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB).


Q. What is the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB)?

A.  The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB) is a program funded by the Ontario government that provides compensation to survivors of violent crime.


Q. Who can apply for CICB?

A. You can apply for CICB if you have suffered physical, mental, emotional or psychological injuries as a result of a crime of violence for example: assault. sexual assault, criminal harassment, child abuse, domestic violence. To apply for compensation the crime must have taken place in Ontario.


Q. Must the offender have been charged or convicted of a criminal offence?

A. No, charges do not have to have been laid against an offender.


Q. How does someone apply?

A. You can write or phone CICB and ask for an application. You will need to provide:

  • detailed information about when the crime of violence occurred

  • The name of the offender

  • location of the crime

  • if you received medical treatment or counseling.

439 University Avenue, 4th Floor; Toronto, Ontario M5G 1Y8

Telephone: (416) 326-2900 or 1-800-372-7463

Website: www.cicb.gov.on.ca


Q. When should someone apply?

A. An Application must be started with the CICB within 2 years of the crime. The CICB can grant extensions of this time limit when there is a good reason.

If you were injured as a child, the 2-year limitation period does not start to run until you turn 18.


Q. Do you need a lawyer to bring a CICB application:

A. No. But if you are a person living on a low income the Community Advocacy & Legal Centre can assist you.


Q. What happens after someone applies?

A. The CICB will look over the Application. A compensation analyst will be assigned to your claim. They will ask you to submit documents that support your claim such as: medical reports; therapy reports; hospital records; expense receipts; lost wages; witness statement or statement from someone you told about the abuse.


Q. How long does the entire process take?

A. The process is quite long. It takes approximately 2 years.


Q. What expenses or compensation can I apply for?

A. You can ask for the CICB to cover the expenses you incurred as a result of the injuries you suffered. Expenses that will be covered include: medical bills; prescription and other drug costs; funeral expenses; lost wages; lost income support; support for a child born as a result of a sexual assault; costs of therapy and counselling and, in some suitable cases, other healing therapies including massage.


Q. Will CICB notify the offender?

A. Usually the CICB will notify the offender. This is because the Compensation for Victims of Crime Act requires the CICB to attempt to notify the offender. However, in cases of sexual assault, child abuse, domestic assault, elder abuse or homicide, the CICB will not notify the offender if there has been a conviction. If there has not been a conviction but there are special circumstances (such as fear for your safety etc.), you can ask for a "waiver" for the offender not to be notified.


Q. When will the hearing be?

A. The hearing usually occurs within 6 months after all of the evidence is gathered. There are two types of hearings: a documentary hearing, and an oral hearing


Q. What is a documentary hearing?

A. A documentary hearing is based on the documents in the file only. You do not attend. One Board member will make a decision based on all of the documents you have provided.


Q. What is an oral hearing?

A. An oral hearing is one you attend and answer questions from by the Board members. You are given a chance to tell your story of what happened and how it has affected you. The setting for the hearing is informal and the Board members are for the most part understanding and empathetic. A typical hearing takes between 1-2 hours.


Q. Where will the hearing be?

A. Most hearings are held in Toronto but the Board does travel to Belleville and Kingston. If you have to travel to a hearing, your travel expenses will be covered.


Q. When is the decision received?

A. The Board members will send a written decision within 2 to 4 months after the hearing. If you have been awarded compensation, the cheque will be included.


Q. How much can I be awarded?

A. Awards range anywhere from $0 - $25,000 per occurrence. $25,000 is the maximum and rarely awarded.

 

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